Treating Bipolar Depression
You Just Watched:
Taking mood-stabilizing medications together with other drugs and therapies can control the symptoms of bipolar depression. Watch the video on treating bipolar depression to know more.
Transcript: The intensely deep lows of bipolar depression, far more common than the manic highs, are typically treated...
The intensely deep lows of bipolar depression, far more common than the manic highs, are typically treated with mood-stabilizing medications, often in combination with other drugs and therapies. But how exactly do these medications and therapies help with bipolar depression? Successful treatment of bipolar depression typically includes mood-stabilizing medication, such as Lithium, as well as other types of drugs, along with therapy and social support. Bipolar depression is associated with reduced levels of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters, particularly serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine, which play important roles in regulating mood. This chemical imbalance is believed to contribute to the emotional and physical pain sufferers often experience. Lithium is the most widely studied and commonly used mood-stabilizer, and is typically one of the first drugs prescribed for bipolar depression. Another commonly used mood-stabilizer is the anticonvulsant, Lamotrigine. Both drugs help improve mood and social interaction. A single mood-stabilizer may often be sufficient to relieve bipolar depression, but some people may need an additional mood-stabilizer or anticonvulsant. Additionally, antipsychotic medication may be prescribed if mood stabilizers aren't effective or if someone loses touch with reality. Another drug that may be effective for bipolar depression is Symbyax, which combines Zyprexa, an atypical antipsychotic, with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor Prozac, an antidepressant. It's believed that these drugs help restore the brain's chemical balance. Antidepressants should be prescribed with caution, as they may have a mood destabilizing effect over time, which is why they're typically prescribed with a mood stabilizer. In addition to medication, bipolar depression sufferers may also benefit from various types of therapy. For example, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy may help sufferers identify and transform negative thought patterns and behaviors into healthier, more positive ways of coping with, and responding to, stressful situations. Family-Focused Therapy helps educate family members about the illness. This type of therapy strives to identify conflicts and reduce stress and strain within the family dynamic, while developing supportive home environments. Another form of therapy, Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy, helps address and improve relationship issues and daily routines to reduce stress and mood cycling. When sufferers have not been able to overcome severe depression with medication and therapy, Electroconvulsive Therapy may provide relief. ECT is administered under brief anesthesia for approximately 30-90 seconds. In instances where depression becomes severe, hospitalization may be required especially if suicide risk is high. If you or someone you know is affected by bipolar disorder, please see a mental health professional.More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-02 | Tags »
bipolar depression, antidepressants bipolar, bipolar depressed bipolar disorder, bipolar disease, bipolar mood, treating bipolar disorder, psychotherapy, neurotransmitters, serotonin, psychologist, psychiatrist mental, mental health, mental illness, mental condition
The right treatment is key in treating bipolar mania, especially because mania has many dangerous consequences. Take a look at this video to learn more about bipolar treatment.
Transcript: With its amplified energy, heightened senses and brilliant bursts of creativity, the state of mania can...
With its amplified energy, heightened senses and brilliant bursts of creativity, the state of mania can be seductive enough to tempt patients to avoid treatment, a decision of devastating consequences. People with bipolar often avoid treatment for mania, but the elevated feelings of a manic episode can turn into recklessness and destructive behaviors, damaging lives, ruining relationships and compromising personal safety, which underscores the importance of treatment. Successful treatment of bipolar mania may involve mood-stabilizing medication, such as Lithium, as well as other types of drugs, along with therapy, education about the illness, and social support. Research points to people with bipolar mania having an imbalance of important brain chemicals called neurotransmitters-such as abnormally high levels of norepinephrine and serotonin, which help regulate mood and emotion. Lithium, typically the first drug prescribed for bipolar mania, helps balance norepinephrine and serotonin levels. Other common mania mood-stabilizers include anticonvulsant drugs like Depacote, Lamictal, Tegretol or Trileptal. Antipsychotic drugs, like Abilify, Seroquel and Zyprexa, may help balance brain chemicals and reduce reckless, impulsive behaviors associated with mania, while benzodiazepines, like Ativan, Valium or Xanax, may have a calming effect. When sufferers become hostile, psychotic or out of control, hospitalization and Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) may be recommended. ECT is administered under brief anesthesia for approximately 30-90 seconds. Various therapies exist to treat bipolar and each has its own particular strength. Therapy promotes more stable routines and coping skills, helps patients identify symptom triggers and teaches them how to curb destructive behavior. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy helps patients recognize and transform negative thought patterns and behaviors into healthier, more positive ways of coping with, and responding to, stressful situations. Family-Focused Therapy educates family members about the illness and helps identify conflicts and reduce stress and strain within the family dynamic - promoting more supportive home environments. Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy, addresses and improves relationship issues and daily routines, reducing stress and mood cycling. Experts also recommend maintaining a mood diary for tracking daily moods, activities, medications and life events to monitor trigger symptoms and treatment progress. Careful lifestyle management is important. Some ways to keep mania symptoms in check include: maintaining regular meal and sleep schedules, exercising daily, and avoiding alcohol and drugs. If you or someone you know is affected by bipolar disorder, please see a mental health professional.More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-21 | Tags »
bipolar disorder treatment, bipolar mania, treatment bipolar, manic bipolar, hypomania, bipolar mania, impulse control bipolar disorder, bipolar depression, mania, hypomania, bipolar disease, bipolar mood, manic depressive, psychotherapy, antipsychotics, neurotransmitters mental, mental health, mental illness, mental condition
Medication is not the only tool in an effective bipolar disorder treatment plan. Watch this video about treating bipolar disorder with psychotherapy.
Transcript: Besides medication to stabilize the dramatic mood swings of bipolar disorder, therapy is believed to...
Besides medication to stabilize the dramatic mood swings of bipolar disorder, therapy is believed to help sufferers manage symptoms and life issues, while helping them to control negative thoughts and resolve interpersonal challenges. There are a number of types of therapy (each with its own particular strength) that may be beneficial for people diagnosed with bipolar disorder. These therapies may be conducted privately, in group settings or include the patient and their family members. Therapy allows sufferers to discuss feelings, thoughts and behaviors while promoting insight into the illness and fostering coping skills. Research suggests those who receive therapy may recover more quickly than patients on medication alone. Experts also say maintaining a mood diary and tracking moods on a daily basis may be integral to the therapy process. A diary is a valuable tool for both patient and therapist in identifying symptoms and situations that typically precede a manic or depressive episode. One of the most common types of therapy for bipolar disorder is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, which helps sufferers identify and transform negative or unhealthy thought patterns and behaviors into healthier, more positive ways of coping with, and responding to, stressful situations. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy may also help patients recognize the onset of mania and modify their behavior to minimize an episode, as well as to develop more positive thought patterns and behaviors to help diminish negativity and thwart depression. Another form of therapy, called Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy, helps address and improve relationship issues and daily routines to reduce stress and mood cycling. Key to this approach is the belief that sufferers have highly sensitive biological clocks that may be easily disrupted by subtle differences in routines like sleeping or eating. Another form of therapy, Family-Focused Therapy, helps educate family members about the illness, while helping identify conflicts, and reduce stress and strain within the family dynamic. This type of therapy also helps family members gain awareness, and control, of their emotional response to the illness, and create a healthier, more supportive home environment. Significantly, studies suggest that ongoing therapy, for at least nine months, may be more effective in helping alleviate bipolar depression than medication alone, especially since it's believed that depression medications may be of limited use in treating recurring episodes. If you or someone you know is affected by bipolar disorder, please see a mental health professional.More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-21 | Tags »
bipolar treatment, treatment bipolar, bipolar disorder treatment, bipolar therapy, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, psychoanalysis bipolar disorder, bipolar help, bipolar support, therapy, psychiatrist, psychiatry, therapists, therapist mental, mental health, mental illness, mental condition