What is Schizophreniform?
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What is schizophreniform? While schizophrenia is a lifelong condition, schizophreniform is a shorter term version of it and can be just as disabling. Get to know more about it in this video.
Transcript: Most people realize that schizophrenia is a lifelong mental illness, but few are aware that the condition...
Most people realize that schizophrenia is a lifelong mental illness, but few are aware that the condition has a short-term counterpart! Schizophreniform disorder is a serious mental condition that affects the way a person thinks, behaves, and communicates. In the united states, about one in 1,000 individuals will be diagnosed with schizophreniform disorder in their lifetime. This mental illness is equally prevalent among men and women. The most common ages of onset are 18-24 for men and 18-35 for women. Schizophreniform Disorder is diagnosed when symptoms of schizophrenia are present for a significant portion of time within a one-month period, but are not present for the full six months required for a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Impairment in social, occupational, or academic functioning is required for the diagnosis of schizophrenia, but with schizophreniform disorder, an individual's particular level of functioning may or may not be affected. While the onset of schizophrenia is often gradual over a number of months or years, for those with schizophreniform disorder, schizophrenia-like symptoms tend to show up rapidly and unexpectedly. Hallucinations, which involve seeing, hearing, and experiencing things that are not really there, as well as delusions, which are unwavering beliefs based in fantasy, are two of the most common symptoms of schizophreniform disorder. Disorganized speech patterns and the use of nonsense words often make it difficult for people with the condition to communicate, as well. Schizophreniform disorder patients may also display movement disorders, ranging from repetitive, agitated body movements, to an almost catatonic, unresponsive demeanor. Finally, people with schizophreniform disorder often display a lack of pleasure in previously enjoyable things, known as anhedonia. All these symptoms are generally compounded by a withdrawal from family and friends. Schizophreniform disorder symptoms read like a laundry list of the symptoms of schizophrenia. In fact, the only place where the two conditions differ significantly is in their duration. While people with schizophrenia have the condition for life those with schizophreniform disorder have symptoms for more than a month, but less than six months. For a doctor to diagnose schizophreniform disorder, schizophrenia-like symptoms must exist for this specific frame of time. All physical illnesses must also be ruled out before the condition is diagnosed. If schizophreniform disorder is confirmed, treatment consists of both medication and psychotherapy. Like schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder is often treated with antipsychotic medications, along with a variety of social supports, like individual psychotherapy, family therapy, and occupational therapy, all of which are designed to reduce the social and emotional impact of the illness. Antipsychotic medications, like risperdal, clorazil, and seroquel, are the medications usually prescribed for sufferers of schizophreniform disorder. The antipsychotics help treat the hallucinations, delusions, and other psychotic symptoms typical of schizophreniform disorder. By definition, people with schizophreniform disorder get better in six months or less. But about two-thirds of people who are diagnosed with schizophreniform disorder do go on to develop real schizophrenia at some point. If you or someone you love is experiencing symptoms like those typical of schizophreniform disorder and schizophrenia, make an appointment with a physician!More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-01 | Tags »
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The symptoms of schizophrenia vary widely. They include hallucinations, delusions, trouble focusing and more. Watch this video on the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Transcript: The world health organization calls schizophrenia one of the top ten most debilitating diseases. What...
The world health organization calls schizophrenia one of the top ten most debilitating diseases. What are the symptoms that lead to being diagnosed with this disease? Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental illness that affects about one-percent of the American population. The symptoms of schizophrenia fall into three broad categories: positive, negative, and cognitive. As the name implies, cognitive symptoms involve problems with a person's thought processes. A real difficulty understanding and using information is a common cognitive symptom of schizophrenia. Trouble paying attention and focusing and problems with memory are other cognitive signs of the disease. These cognitive symptoms are often thought to be the most debilitating of schizophrenia as they make it difficult to perform everyday functions, like holding down a job. Positive symptoms are those that are in addition to normal experiences and that people without schizophrenia will rarely experience. Negative symptoms are those that involve a degree of loss of experience. Positive symptoms include delusions, auditory hallucinations, and thought disorder, which often manifest as communication difficulties, like garbled language or abrupt pauses in an affected person's speech. Movement disorders are another common symptom in the positive schizophrenic category. Movement disorders range from agitated, repetitive body movements to an almost catatonic, or immobile, unresponsive state. Negative symptoms refer to certain characteristics that are not present in schizophrenic persons but are normally found in healthy persons, that is, symptoms that reflect the loss or absence of normal traits or abilities. Common negative symptoms include: flat or blunted affect and emotion, made apparent through flat facial expressions and a monotone voice; poverty of speech, know as alogia, which refers to a person having a lack of language with which to express themselves; anhedonia, or the inability to experience pleasure; and asociality or the lack of desire to form relationships, made most obvious by withdrawal from social activities. Lack of motivation or avolition, is also a common negative symptom. Research suggests that negative symptoms contribute more to poor quality of life, functional disability, and the burden on others than do positive symptoms. These negative symptoms are often nonspecific, and can be hard to recognize as clear signs of schizophrenia. Affective symptoms relate to emotion, and include depression and mood swings. Most people with schizophrenia have symptoms in all or most of these categories. They usually appear in men in their late teens or early 20s and in women in their 20s, or even early 30s. Although this condition is not curable, treatment can help many sufferers lead independent lives. For this reason, it's important to talk to a doctor if you're worried that someone you love suffers from schizophrenia.More »
Last Modified: 2013-11-22 | Tags »
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There is a great deal of confusion about schizophrenia. Some think it has to do with split personalities, among other things. Discover the truth about schizophrenia in this video.
Transcript: Schizophrenia has been dubbed the "modern-day equivalent of leprosy," by celebrated psychiatrist E. Fuller...
Schizophrenia has been dubbed the "modern-day equivalent of leprosy," by celebrated psychiatrist E. Fuller Torrey, M.D. Indeed, the disorder is cloaked in misunderstanding and distrust. The term schizophrenia refers to "splitting of the mind," so perhaps it makes sense that one of the most pervasive myths about schizophrenia is that people who have it suffer from split, or multiple, personalities. Fully 64-percent of Americans buy into this misconception, according to a national alliance on mental illness survey. But split mind refers to a disparity between thought and action such as smiling when telling a disturbing story or feeling afraid of completely mundane things. It does not refer to a variety of different personalities! The truth is that multiple personalities are a symptom of a completely different illness, called Dissociative Identity Disorder, but known colloquially as multiple personality disorder. Another prevalent myth about schizophrenia is that people with the disorder are dangerous and unpredictable. In reality, the incidence of violence amongst those with schizophrenia is not much higher than that of the general population. In fact, it is much more likely that a person with schizophrenia will withdraw from society in confusion, fear, and despair than that he will become violent or dangerous! Yet another common myth about schizophrenia is that people with the illness cannot lead productive lives. This untruth was most effectively debunked by ten years of research from the New Hampshire dual diagnosis study. This research found that 62.7 percent of people with schizophrenia were managing to successfully control symptoms of the disease while 56.8-percent were thriving in independent living situations and 41.4 percent were gainfully employed! Despite this, another prevalent myth shrouding schizophrenia is that sufferers cannot get better and that they are doomed to lead lives of suffering and sickness. While it is true that schizophrenia is not curable, its symptoms can be very successfully treated with prescription medication and psychotherapy. Myths about schizophrenia abound, education and knowledge can help end the stigma against the condition. If you believe that you or a loved one suffers from schizophrenia, please make an appointment with a mental health professional.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-13 | Tags »
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