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Anorexia. You've probably heard about this eating disorder from more sources than you can count. But could anorexia nervosa be something that's affecting you? Watch this video to about symptoms and anorexia recovery.
Transcript: Is the battle to be thin compromising your health? It may be - Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality...
Is the battle to be thin compromising your health? It may be - Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder. While most people think of anorexia as an eating disorder, in actuality, anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric diagnosis - one which describes the eating disorder we commonly call anorexia. Mentally, people with anorexia suffer from body image distortion, which makes them feel perpetually overweight, even when they are actually very thin. Because of this skewed body image, anorexics are continuously focused on attaining a low body weight, often severely limiting their food intake. Anorexics may also exercise excessively, abuse diet pills, or induce themselves to vomit in at attempt to lose weight. Sadly, continuously starving the body can be physically devastating. Over time, anorexics can experience low blood pressure, a slowed heartbeat, stunted growth, a weakened immune system, and tooth and bone decay. If left untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to death as the body gives in to literal starvation. Some research suggests that people prone to perfectionism, depression, or anxiety may be more likely to suffer from anorexia, but there is no single cause for the disease. While 90% of the people who suffer from anorexia are female, and adolescent girls are the most likely group to be affected, the disorder still affects many different kinds of people. Nonetheless, women who participate in a job or sport that emphasizes body size, such as modeling, gymnastics or ballet, may also be more likely to be anorexic. Regardless of the cause, if you think you or a friend may be suffering from this psychological disorder, willpower alone is not enough to stop it. In fact, it's vital to seek immediate counseling and medical care from a doctor or your college's health center.More »
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What do you see when you look in the mirror? If you hate what you see, you may have an unhealthy body image - even if you are actually at a healthy weight! Learn more about body dysmorphic disorder.
Transcript: During college, more than half of students - both female and male - worry about their body more compulsively...
During college, more than half of students - both female and male - worry about their body more compulsively than their classes. Your body image isn't necessarily an accurate reflection of your appearance. It's how you perceive your body, and how you feel about your figure. Body image is often intrinsically linked with what society collectively "decides" is attractive, an ideal that changes at a rapid-fire rate. In the roaring twenties, for example, society idealized women who had svelte, almost boyish figures. Meanwhile, the post-war 50s ushered in a curvy physique as the female ideal. Today, thin is in, and the typical model is a shocking 23-percent smaller than the average woman. Society's definition of physical perfection is difficult to achieve, and often requires decidedly unhealthy habits to maintain. On the other hand, it is possible for most people to attain a healthy body size, by exercising and maintaining a nutritious diet. As well, the most sustainable way to feel good about yourself is to try to align your healthy body size with your body image, although this is easier said than done. If that's something you find yourself struggling with, call in some backup, whether it is a campus therapist or supportive friend.More »
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Bulimia nervosa affects up to 4.2 percent of women in the U.S. If you find yourself needing to vomit after you eat, it's time for help. This video offers information, including help with bulimia recovery and more on other eating disorders.
Transcript: Bulimia nervosa is the most common eating disorder seen among college students. Could you be suffering...
Bulimia nervosa is the most common eating disorder seen among college students. Could you be suffering from bulimia? Bulimia is a complicated disorder, and many people who suffer from it are of a normal, or even slightly larger than normal, body size. This psychological disorder is characterized by an obsession with eating a large amount of food at once, often called binging. A binge is different than normal overeating. For example, during a binge, a person might consume an entire cake instead of just an extra piece. After binging, bulimics feel guilt, shame and anger about their actions. As such, they will purge the food from their systems, often by self-induced vomiting. Bulimics may also use excessive exercising, diuretics, laxatives, or enemas in an attempt to lose the weight from a binging session. But bulimia has a profound effect on the body. The acid from vomit can lead to tooth decay, gum disease and loss of tooth enamel in bulimics. Other, even more serious complications can result from repeat binging and purging like osteoporosis, kidney damage, heart damage, and even death. As with anorexia nervosa, people with bulimia may be prone to excessive worry, depression, or perfectionism. Bulimics tend to have an unhealthy body image, but often appear of fairly normal size, despite the disorder.More »
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Know the signs of anorexia? What about the traits that signal another eating disorder? If you're worried about a friend's body image--and the lengths that she'll go to to look a certain way--watch this to learn the classic signs of eating disorders.
Transcript: According to one study, 20-percent of college-aged women and 1-percent of collegiate men suffer from...
According to one study, 20-percent of college-aged women and 1-percent of collegiate men suffer from an eating disorder. So just how healthy is your relationship with food? Although there are several different types of eating disorder, they all stem from the same basic issue - an unhealthy, unrealistic body image. Your body image is your perception of your appearance, regardless of what the mirror or other people have to say. If you are concerned that you, or a friend, may have an eating disorder, it can be helpful to know some of the common warning signs. For example, an obsession with food-eating way too much, eating scarcely anything, or constantly thinking about eating-is a sign that you may have a problem. Other warning signs include exercising to the point of illness, or using laxatives, diuretics or enemas to lose weight. If you have an eating disorder, you may become secretive about food, only eating in private or hiding what you've eaten. You may also find yourself talking excessively about your weight, exercising, and meals excessively. There also may be some physical signs that you have an eating disorder. As your body starves, you might notic...severe fatigue, constant feelings of coldness, a blueish tinge to your skin, a downy covering of hair on your body, thinning hair, and brittle nails. If you're female, you may also stop getting your period. If you notice any of these very serious symptoms, it's time to get help. Talk to a friend, a parent, or a doctor at your college's health center immediately.More »
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Bed bugs are unwelcome visitors in your dorm room, right? Unfortunately, parasites like head lice, pubic lice, and bed bugs may've already made it through the door. Here's what you need to know about preventing and treating bug bites.
Transcript: Bugged by bugs? Most college students will have to deal with at least one communicable bug at some point....
Bugged by bugs? Most college students will have to deal with at least one communicable bug at some point. One common college parasite, the bed bug, is a miniscule reddish insect, which sleeps in your bed during the day and feeds on your blood at night. These bugs are most commonly found in places with a high turnover, like your dorm room, and in warmer locations. Bed bug bites are itchy and show up as small red bumps, often in a linear or cluster formation. There isn't a treatment for bed bugs, so much as there is a need to get rid of the places they may be living. Unfortunately, it may not be exactly obvious where they are hiding. Any sheets, clothes or other places that you suspect might be harboring the bed bugs should be washed in super hot water, frozen for at least 24 hours, or just thrown awayLice are another type of parasite. The louse, which is the singular term for lice, comes in three forms, each of which feasts on a particular body part. Head lice are sesame-seed sized grayish bugs, which attach to the hair shaft and lay eggs there. Sharing grooming products, or your headphones, may result in the transmission of head lice. Body lice are slightly larger and live in your clothing, waiting to feed off your skin. They're typically passed by sharing clothing and by extensive bed hopping. Finally, pubic lice are round, with three pairs of legs on either side of their bodies. They are spread via sexual contact and burrow into your pubic hair to lay eggs. Intense itching of the infected body part is characteristic of all three forms of lice, and a red rash may accompany body lice. Because lice are larger than bed bugs, they are also easier to see with the naked eye. If you suspect an unwanted hanger-on, visit the doctor to confirm what type of bug is living with you. She will recommend an over-the-counter itch treatment and/or an anti-lice agent to kill the invader. After your infection clears up, you'll also have to do a complete clothing and bedding overhaul. Wash everything in super hot water, or freeze your clothing for at least 24 hours. It's a lot of work, but communicable bugs, like an unwelcome party guest, will continuously show up if you don't give them the boot.More »
Last Modified: 2013-03-26 | Tags »
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Despite the flexibility to snooze at will, many students suffer from insomnia and other sleep disorders. If you're having problems sleeping in college, you're definitely not without treatment options. Here, the 411 on fighting the tired bug
Transcript: Having trouble sleeping regularly? So are most of your peers-77% of them, according to the National Sleep...
Having trouble sleeping regularly? So are most of your peers-77% of them, according to the National Sleep Foundation. Insomnia is a serious issue amongst young people. In fact, the National Sleep Foundation found that college students are the demographic most affected by insomnia. This broad-based term simply means the inability to fall asleep, or to remain asleep, for an adequate length of time. Put most of the blame on the varying sleep schedules you keep on the weekends versus the weeknights. Technically, your body sleeps best when you go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, which is why college insomnia is worst on Sunday, the "catch-up" night. For the same reason, Wednesday night tends to be the best night for sound sleep across campus. School and socials stressors also take some of the blame for college insomnia, since most students have trouble separating sleep time from worry time. Whatever the reason, a repeat lack of sleep does nothing to bolster your everyday performance and mood, and can wear down your immune system. College insomniacs in the NSF study reported feeling generally irritable, angry, and foggy as they went about their days. They also experienced poor performance in class, a weakened sex drive, and/or an increase in colds, flu, and mono. As such, it's little wonder that many college insomniacs also deal with a depression or anxiety disorder. The good news is that even though insomnia is prevalent on campus, there are treatments that can help. So make an appointment at your campus health center to discuss ways you can start sleeping soundly.More »
Last Modified: 2013-03-14 | Tags »
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Meningitis, bacterial or viral, is an infection that can be serious, even deadly. Watch this video to see how common meningitis is and how to treat the infection if you catch it.
Transcript: Meningitis. Sounds serious, doesn't it? Well, it can be. Meningitis is an infection that causes inflammation...
Meningitis. Sounds serious, doesn't it? Well, it can be. Meningitis is an infection that causes inflammation of the meninges, which are the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. There are two types of meningitis: bacterial and viral. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be life threatening if not treated right away. Viral meningitis usually seems like a really bad case of the flu, and is usually much less serious. Viral meningitis can be caused by enteroviruses, which are found in mucus, saliva, and feces. They are transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or a contaminated object. Sometimes other viruses including flu, herpes, mumps, West Nile, and HIV can trigger viral meningitis. This type of meningitis is most common in children and adults under age 30, and often causes only flu-like symptoms and gastrointestinal distress. In more severe cases it can trigger pain and seizures. It typically clears up on its own in 2 to 4 weeks with no lasting complications. Bacterial meningitis needs immediate medical treatment or it could potentially be fatal. Aggressive antibacterial treatment is needed to reduce the risk of brain damage, or worse. And long-term treatment and therapy may be needed to recover from the physical damage this infection can cause. A confusing aspect of meningitis is that both bacterial and viral meningitis have similar symptoms in the early stages, which include a stiff neck, fever, headache and possibly nausea. Because bacterial meningitis can be so serious and needs treatment, you should get to the doctor right away to determine which type you might have. A spinal tap, blood cultures and a CT scan of the head will help your doctor figure out a treatment plan, and routine immunizations can go a long way towards meningitis prevention.More »
Last Modified: 2013-03-18 | Tags »
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Some people are more susceptible to catching meningitis than others, which is why it's important to know about risk factors. Watch this video to learn about the most common meningitis risk factors.
Transcript: Anyone can get meningitis, which is an infection of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord....
Anyone can get meningitis, which is an infection of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord. But some people are more vulnerable than others. The infection is most commonly caused by a virus or bacteria. Viral meningitis accounts for about 80 percent of the cases. It often seems like a bad case of the flu and may not require any medical treatment. It's usually spread hand to mouth after contact with anyone or anything--- such as saliva, feces, or mucus - that's contaminated with the triggering viruses. Enteroviruses, the flu virus, mumps, measles and herpes simplex virus can all cause viral meningitis. Bacterial meningitis, on the other hand, is much less common, affecting between 4 and 8 thousand people a year in the U.S. Young children, people living in communal environments, such as college dorms, those with weakened immune systems, because of cancer treatment or HIV, for example, and the elderly, are most likely to get it. More than 50 types of bacteria can cause the infection. If you fall into any of the high risk groups, such as college kids or someone with a weakened immune system, having additional risk factors can make you more likely to come down with the infection. These additional risk factors include: excessive alcohol consumption; diabetes; a head injury or trauma; a recent ear or respiratory infection, including pneumonia; or missing a spleen, if for example yours was removed. And, although exceedingly rare in this country, women are at increased risk for bacterial meningitis during pregnancy because of immune system changes. For both viral and bacterial meningitis, an effective way to reduce your risk of infection is to make sure to wash your hands after you change a baby's diaper, use the bathroom, or prepare food. And always wash your hands BEFORE eating or drinking. There is a vaccine against bacterial meningitis and it is recommended for infants 9 months and older, college students in their first year, military recruits, and anyone traveling to locations where food and water may be sources of infection.For more information on viral and bacterial meningitis, check out other videos on this site.More »
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The cause of meningitis varies depending on which type you have: bacterial, viral, fungall, or noninfectious. Watch this to uncover the most common causes.
Transcript: The cause of meningitis varies depending on which type you have: bacterial, viral, fungal, or noninfectious....
The cause of meningitis varies depending on which type you have: bacterial, viral, fungal, or noninfectious. In the US, the more common types are bacterial and viral. Both types cause inflammation of the meninges, which are protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. VIRAL meningitis accounts for 80% of cases in the U.S. It's usually triggered by enteroviruses. These are typically found in the saliva, mucus and feces of an infected person. The virus is easily spread through coughing, sharing food and drinks, kissing, or improper hand washing. You're most likely to catch meningitis in the summer and fall months, when the enteroviruses thrive. Other viral infections that can lead to meningitis include mumps, measles, influenza, various herpes viruses, Epstein-Barr and West Nile viruses. Bacterial meningitis, while rare, can cause brain damage or death. It's associated with a variety of bacteria. Like viral meningitis, it's easily spread through respiratory fluids, as well as contaminated food and water. Between 4,000 and 8,000 cases are reported in the US every year. Fungal and non-infectious meningitis are much less common and are often associated with an autoimmune disorder or serious medical condition such as cancer. For more information on viral and bacterial meningitis, check out other videos in this series.More »
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Understanding viral meningitis is actually pretty easy when you've got the facts. So watch this for everything you need to know from causes and symptoms to treatment and prevention.
Transcript: Reports of viral meningitis pop up more in the summer months than any other time of the year. That's...
Reports of viral meningitis pop up more in the summer months than any other time of the year. That's because the viruses that can trigger this form of meningitis thrive from late May through early September. People in communal living environments, such as college dorms or military barracks, young children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable. Enteroviruses, similar to the virus that causes the common cold, are the most frequent trigger. They're found in the saliva, sputum, nasal mucus and feces of an infected person. Viral meningitis also can be triggered by the West Nile virus, the flu, mumps, measles, chicken pox, shingles, and herpes simplex.These viruses are spread from person to person by touching any object an infected person has touched, by sharing drinks and utensils, kissing, or being near someone who's infected and coughing. Washing your hands before and after handling food -- and after coughing, sneezing, blowing your nose, using the bathroom, or changing diapers -- can help prevent the spread. Viral meningitis accounts for about 80 percent of all meningitis cases, and is generally mild without any lingering repercussions. In fact, it may not require medical attention. But it can cause high fever and chills, nausea and vomiting, severe headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, fatigue and a lack of appetite. One warning: you can't tell if your symptoms indicate viral or bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is potentially life-threatening and it requires prompt treatment with antibiotics to prevent serious complications. That's why it's important to see a doctor as soon as symptoms appear. A simple blood test can tell you what type of meningitis you have. There's no specific treatment for viral meningitis, although you may ease symptoms with anti-inflammatory pain relievers or anti-nausea medication. For more information on communicable diseases, check out other videos in this series.More »
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Tetanus basics, from prevention and causes to emergency and long term treatment, it's 'need to know' information. Watch this video to brush up important tetanus facts.
Transcript: What's your biggest worry if you step on a rusty nail? Chances are it's tetanus. This potentially deadly...
What's your biggest worry if you step on a rusty nail? Chances are it's tetanus. This potentially deadly bacterial infection that can enter your body through a deep puncture wound, an animal bite or scratch, or any flesh injury that is contaminated with human or animal saliva or feces. These bacteria are everywhere in the environment. Spores hide out in soil, dust, and animal intestines. Tetanus, also called lockjaw, is very rare in the U.S. because of aggressive vaccination requirements, but if it does develop, the outcome can be fatal. Tetanus typically causes spasms in the jaw and chest, followed by painful contractions of the chest muscles, making breathing extremely difficult. Other symptoms include drooling, excessive sweating, fever, irritability, swallowing difficulty and uncontrolled urination or defecation. The incidence of tetanus in America has dropped by 95% thanks to the fact that all public school children in the country must get a series of 5 DTaP vaccines to protect them from diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis or whooping cough. These start at the age of two months. A child has their fifth DTaP immunization before the age of six or when starting school. But the vaccines you get as a child will not protect you forever. You occasionally need to re-up their effectiveness. Booster shots throughout life maintain the vaccine's protection. The CDCs Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends a TDaP vaccine booster for all kids ages 11 to 18 - and it's best to get it at 11 or 12. It's also advised that you get the shot if you haven't had one since your childhood inoculations and if you are pregnant or over age 65. After receipt of TDap, you should receive Td-that's tetanus and diphtheria--for routine boosters every 10 years. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention may make changes to the revaccination timing of TDaP , so check with your primary care doctor. If you do get injured and don't have a current tetanus shot, you should get one within 48 hours of the injury to minimize your infection risk. If caught early, tetanus is usually treated with antibiotics. For more information on vaccines and tetanus, watch other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-07 | Tags »
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If you happen to develop tetanus, it usually takes from 3–21 days for symptoms to appear. Watch this for a list of the most common symptoms of tetanus to be on the lookout for.
Transcript: Tetanus is very rare in the US, due to very effective vaccination procedures. However, the tetanus vaccine...
Tetanus is very rare in the US, due to very effective vaccination procedures. However, the tetanus vaccine does wear off after 10 years and you need a booster shot to stay protected. If you get a deep puncture wound, a burn, or an animal bite or scratch, you can be infected with the potentially lethal bacteria. Fortunately, getting a tetanus shot within 48 hours of infection usually stops it in its tracks. If you do happen to develop tetanus, it usually takes from 3-21 days for symptoms to appear. But it can be as short as one day and as long as several months, depending on the type and location of the wound. A shorter incubation period indicates a more severe infection and a worse prognosis. Tetanus symptoms generally start with spasms of the jaw and neck muscles. That's where lockjaw, the nickname for tetanus, comes from. These spasms, along with other muscle contractions, can make it hard to breathe. Prolonged muscle contractions, which are often sudden and extremely painful, can also cause muscle tears and fractures. Other symptoms of tetanus include drooling, fever, excessive sweating, irritability, swallowing difficulty, and uncontrolled urination or defecation. Severe cases of tetanus can lead to respiratory failure and death. I'll bet you're grateful you had your shot, aren't you? If you think you've been exposed to tetanus, see a doctor right way. And for more information on tetanus, see the other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-07 | Tags »
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Treating hepatitis varies depending on the type and severity of the infection. To see what the most common and effect treatments are, watch this.
Transcript: Hepatitis, a viral infection that attacks the liver, comes in many forms. The three main types are hepatitis...
Hepatitis, a viral infection that attacks the liver, comes in many forms. The three main types are hepatitis A, B and C. Treatments for each type vary depending on the severity of the infection. Hepatits A, for example, is usually mild. There are no medications to treat the infection itself, and your best therapy is to rest, drink plenty of fluids, and eat small, bland, low fat meals, to relieve nausea and vomiting. The virus almost always clears up on its own, and the liver usually heals completely in a month or two. Hepatitis B and C also may trigger an acute illness - like hepatitis A-and go away on their own without causing any long-term damage. But they may also cause no noticeable symptoms at all and become chronic-and it may take decades before symptoms show up. By the time they do a person may have extensive liver damage and face cirrhosis, liver failure or liver cancer. Once diagnosed, chronic hepatitis B can be treated with a combination of interferon and nucleoside/nucleotide analogues-you may know them better as treatments for HIV. Hepatitis C medications include a combination of pegylated interferon alfa injections and ribavirin pills. In the most severe cases of chronic hep B or C, a liver transplant may be necessary, but continued antiviral treatment is generally needed after the procedure to avoid damage to the new organ. It's smart for people with Hep C to get vaccinated against hep A and B; you can't risk a double liver infection and you are at increased risk of those forms of hepatitis. For more info on hepatitis check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-02 | Tags »
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